Oct 2
2017

Federal and state securities regulators, including the Texas State Securities Board, are issuing this Investor Bulletin to highlight the key messages of World Investor Week, a week-long, global campaign promoted by the International Organization of Securities Commissions to raise awareness about the importance of investor education and protection.

From Oct. 2-8, individual investors, investment professionals, teachers, parents, researchers, and other interested individuals, firms, regulators, and organizations are encouraged to make a special effort to communicate these key investor education messages:

Always Verify That An Investment Professional Is Licensed

Much of the investment fraud we see today is committed by people who claim to be “investment professionals” but are not properly licensed. Checking to see if an investment promoter is registered can save you a world of financial hurt down the line. The SEC's Investor.gov, BrokerCheck, from the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), and the Texas State Securities Board For Investors section all offer free and simple search tools that allow you to find out if your investment professional is licensed and registered, and if he or she has a disciplinary history or customer complaints.  The North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) provides detailed contact information for each state's securities regulatory agency.

Doing a background check is a great first step toward protecting your money. 

Do Your Research Before Investing

Ask questions about financial opportunities and check out the answers with unbiased sources.  This can help you make informed choices and avoid fraud.  Investors should always check whether an investment is registered with the SEC by using the SEC’ s Edgar Database  or contacting the SEC’s toll-free investor assistance line at (800) 732-0330. The Texas State Securities Board's toll-free number is 1-888-663-0009. In addition, be sure to visit Investor.gov or FINRA.org/investors, or the Texas For Investors section before making an investment decision to learn more about common investment products, such as stocksbondsmutual funds, or exchange-traded funds (ETFs), or find out more about the risks and unique characteristics of a wide variety of investment products.

Understand the Impact of Fees

It can be costly to ignore fees associated with buying, owning, and selling an investment product.  It is important that investors understand all fees. Expenses vary from product to product, and even small differences in costs can mean large differences in earnings over time.  For example, an investment with high costs must perform better than a low-cost investment to generate the same returns.  Use FINRA’s Fund Analyzer to compare expenses among fund investments (mutual funds, ETFs and exchange-traded notes) – or among different share classes of the same fund.  This can help you understand the impact fees have on your investment over time.

Know That All Investments Have Risk

Every investment carries some degree of risk, and the potential for greater returns often correlates with greater risk.  If you plan to buy securities – such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, or ETFs –it’s important that you understand that you could lose some or all of the money you invest.

Avoid 'Get Rich Quick' and 'Can't Lose' Schemes

Promises of high returns with little or no risk are classic warning signs of fraud. Smart investors avoid so-called “can’t miss” and “guaranteed risk-free” investment opportunities.  Better yet, report them to the SEC, FINRA, or your state regulator. 

Recognize the Mighty Power of Compound Interest

Compound interest allows your principal and accumulated interest to grow over time and is an important part of building wealth.  If you are investing or saving toward a goal, or just want to learn about how your money can grow under various hypothetical scenarios, take advantage of Investor.gov’s compound interest and saving goal calculators.  

In addition, the Rule of 72 is a great way to estimate how your investment will grow over time. Simply divide the number 72 by your investment's expected rate of return (interest rate). Assuming an expected rate of return of 9%, your investment will double in value about every 8 years (72 divided by 9 equals 8).
 
The Rule of 72 also shows how inflation can erode your income. Divide 72 by the annualized inflation rate, which historically has been 3%. Since 72 divided by 3 equals 24, you can expect your living expenses to double every 24 years. And these days there is nothing unusual about a retirement lasting 24 years.
 
Recognize the Importance of Diversification

Diversification – a strategy that can be neatly summed up as “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket” – can help reduce the overall risk of an investment portfolio.  By picking the right mix of investments, you may be able to limit your losses and reduce the fluctuations of your investment returns without sacrificing too much in potential gains. Some investors achieve diversification through ownership of mutual funds or exchange-traded funds.

Plan For and Invest According to Future Needs and Goals

Before you make any investing decision, sit down and take an honest look at your entire financial situation, especially if you’ve never made a financial plan before. An important first step to successful investing is figuring out your goals and risk tolerance, either on your own or with the help of a financial professional.

Recognize the Benefits of Regular Investing

Many investors benefit from getting into the habit of paying themselves first.  An easy way to do this is to set up regular, automatic deductions from a paycheck or bank account into a savings or investment account.  These regular, automatic deductions will keep you on track toward your long-term financial goals. 

How can I get involved in WIW to help others? 

One of the best ways to get involved is to reach out to individuals and audiences with whom you normally interact.  For example, if you are a teacher, can you incorporate one of the key messages into one of your student lesson plans?  As a parent, can you start a conversation at a family meal about the importance of investing in your life?  For organizations, consider adding links to Investor.gov and FINRA.org/investors to your websites and in email and social media communications.

Additional Resources